INTERNATIONAL UNION OF LAWYERS



CHARTER

Approved by the Constitutional Congress of the USSR lawyers on June 23, 1989.

Changes and amendments were made at the Plenum of
the Central Council of the Union of Lawyers on January 16, 1992.

Approved with alterations and amendments by the
II Congress of INA "Union of Lawyers" on March 18 1994.

Approved with alterations and amendments by the
III Congress of INA "Union of Lawyers" on May 26, 1999.
1. General Provisions

Article 1. The International union of nongovernmental associations "Union of Lawyers", hereinafter referred to as the International Union of Lawyers, shall be a voluntary, self-governing, non-commercial, nongovernmental association.

The International Union of Lawyers shall operate in the territory of the Russian Federation and other states under their domestic law, standards of international law and the present Charter.

The activities of the International Union of Lawyers shall be open and based on the principles of voluntariness, equal rights, self-government, lawfulness, cooperation with state agencies, nongovernmental organizations and individuals.

The formal full name of the International Union of Lawyers is International Union of Nongovernmental Associations of Lawyers "International Union of Lawyers", short name is the International Union of Lawyers.

2. International Union of Lawyers' Objectives, Rights and Duties

Article 2. The primary objectives of the International Union of Lawyers shall be:
1. facilitating combining the efforts of lawyers from different countries in a course of formation of unified legal space, safegardence of human rights and fundamental freedoms;
2. enlisting large number of lawyers to participate in international law, humanitarian and other projects and programs;
3. promoting the accomplishment of humanitarian and peaceful initiatives of social and state institutions, projects and programs of international and national development;
4. facilitating the establishment of conditions under which efficient professional and social activity of its members can be maintained; developing all-round cooperation among lawyers, promoting strengthening links between law science, education and practice;
5. futhering the expansion of democracy and glasnost in lawmaking, study and perfection of practice of applying legislation;
6. promoting the strengthening of the legal basis of the activities of lawyers and their socio-legal protection;
7. enhancing the prestige of the legal profession, nurturing lawyers in the spirit of observance the rules of law and norms of professional ethics;
8. furthering the activities of lawyers for maintenance of peace, friendship, confidence, mutual understanding among nations, consolidation with national, regional and international organizations of legal community.

Article 3. With a view to the achievement of the purposes set forth in the present Charter, the International Union of Lawyers shall:
1. cooperate with state agencies, nationwide organizations and movements, international governmental and nongovernmental organizations;
2. enter the state organs and nongovernmental organizations with questions and proposals relating to the perfection of legislation and practice of law enforcement;
2. independently or in conjunction with state organs and nongovernmental organizations hold congresses, conferences, seminars, round - table discussions;
3. carry out socio-legal expertise of efficient public projects and programs, other documents and decisions; enlist experts for this purpose, form creative and other teams to fulfil such work;
4. participate in dissemination of legal knowledge among citizens and explanation of prevailing legislation;
5. establish the mass media, publish various publications;
6. be engaged in due form in foreign economic activity;
7. study and disseminate experience of different countries in the field of law;
8. popularize information on its purposes and activities;
9. represent and defend legal interests of its members at the bodies of public authority, local authority and nongovernmental associations;
10. perform any other activities not contrary to the law and provisions of the present Charter.

Article 4. The International Union of Lawyers shall exercise rights and fulfil obligations set forth in Articles 27, 29 of Federal Act "Nongovernmental associations".

3. International Union of Lawyers Structure

Article 5. International Union of Lawyers structure shall comprise nongovernmental associations -legal entities as well as affiliates and representations with no legal status.

Article 6. Nongovernmental associations - legal entities, which are members of the International Union of Lawyers, shall perform their activities in accordance with their own Charters and the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 7. The International Union of Lawyers' affiliates and representations shall be given property and act on the grounds of the provision approved by the Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers. Funds of affiliates and representations shall be held on the separate balance and on the International Union of Lawyers' balance. Heads of affiliates and representations shall be appointed by the International Union of Lawyers and act under the power of attorney granted by the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 8. The rights of the International Union of Lawyers and its structure divisions of managing property shall be determined by the Charter of International Union of Lawyers, decisions of administrative organs and prevailing legislation.

4. International Union of Lawyers' Members,
their Rights and Duties

Article 9. Members of the International Union of Lawyers shall be legal entities - nongovernmental associations of lawyers as well as other nongovernmental associations, including foreign noncommercial nongovernmental associations recognizing the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers and taking part in the realization of its objectives.

Participation of individuals in the activities of the International Union of Lawyers and its organs shall be governed by the Provision approved by the Coordinating Council.

Article 10. The Coordinating Council shall effect admission of the members to the International Union of Lawyers; the Executive Committee shall perform such a duty between meetings of the Coordinating Council with subsequent adoption of the Coordinating Council by a majority vote.

Admission to membership of the International Union of Lawyers shall be effected on the grounds of the decision of administrative body of legal entity - nongovernmental association.

Article 11. Members of the International Union of Lawyers shall pay admission fee and annual membership fee in due form established by the Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 12. The International Union of Lawyers shall issue a certificate to its member.

Article 13. Membership application shall be denied due to the lack of necessary requirements outlined in the Article 9 of the present Charter and in case the activities of applicants may be inconsistent with the Purposes of the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 14. Members of the International Union of Lawyers and their representatives shall have the right to:
1. elect and be elected to any organ of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. participate in all events held by the International Union of Lawyers;
3. offer proposals to all organs of the International Union of Lawyers on matters relating to their activities;
4. participate in the work of administrative organs of the International Union of Lawyers with the right of an advisory vote;
5. apply to the International Union of Lawyers for a protection of their rights and legal interests;
6. use beneficially the International Union of Lawyers' publishing foundation, special and cultural foundations as well as benefits provided;
7. be present at the discussion of any questions concerning their rights and duties, apply complaints to the appropriate organs of the International Union of Lawyers.

Members of the International Union of Lawyers shall have a right of free secession on the grounds of a decision of the administrative organ legal entity - nongovernmental association.

Article 15. Members of the International Union of Lawyers shall:
1. respect and observe the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. promote the fulfillment of the International Union of Lawyers' purposes;
3. assist to ensure the accomplishment of decisions of International Union of Lawyers' organs.
The Charter shall not limit member rights to cooperate with other organizations from different countries.

A member of the International Union of Lawyers shall be praised and rewarded by the International Union of Lawyers for the most distinguished achievements in the field of law science and practice.

5. Administrative organs of the International Union of Lawyers

Article 16. The International Union of Lawyers has a formal administrative and policymaking structure, which comprising:
- Congress;
- Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers;
- Coordinating Council;
- Executive Committee of the Coordinating Council;
- Auditing Commission.

Article 17. The Congress shall be the highest administrative organ of the International Union of Lawyers convened once every 5 years.

The Coordinating Council shall announce the convention of a regular Congress and matters under the discussion at no later than four months before the Congress.

Article 18. The Special Congress of the International Union of Lawyers shall be convened by the Coordinating Council upon its initiative or at the request of Union's Chairman, the Auditing Commission as well as of a majority of the members of the International Union of Lawyers. Extraordinary Congresses are convened within two-month period.

Article 19. Norms of representation and election of delegates to the Congress of the International Union of Lawyers shall be conducted in such manner and form as may be provided by the Coordinating Council.

Article 20. The Congress of the International Union of Lawyers shall:
1. decide on significant current and efficient matters of the activities of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. approve the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers as well as amendments and changes inserted;
3. elect a Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers;
4. determine a number of the Coordinating Council's members elected upon recommendation by the Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers and elect them;
5. elect the Auditing Commission;
6. approve the reports on the activity of the Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers and the Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers;
7. approve the emblem and other logotypes of the International Union of Lawyers;
8. decide on the reorganization and the liquidation of the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 21. Decisions on the adoption of the Charter and its amendments and alterations introduced, the reorganization, the liquidation of the International Union of Lawyers shall be passed by two-thirds vote of the Congress. Decisions on other matters shall be rendered by a majority of the members present and voting.

Article 22. A Chairman elected for five years from the number of the delegates present shall head the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 23. Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers shall:
1. have the general management of the current affairs during the recess of the Congresses of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. decide on the main directions of the activities of the Executive Committee and the Coordinating Council and organize their work;
3. appoint and lead the Secretariat of the Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers, approve structure and staff of the Secretariat, hire and fire its members, decide on system of their work and salary;
4. sign the documents in the name of the International Union of Lawyers, the Coordinating Council and its Executive Committee, undertake the obligations and ensure their fulfillment;
5. act without the power of attorney on behalf of the International Union of Lawyers and represent its interests in the state and nongovernmental organizations, courts as well as international relationships, be authorized by the Coordinating Council to manage funds and property of the International Union of Lawyers, conclude contracts including contract agreement, grant powers of attorney, open settlement accounts and other accounts both in our country and abroad;
6. convene the Coordinating Council and preside at its sessions;
7. perform other powers as requested by the present Charter.

Article 24. The Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers shall perform his authorities on the professional and standing basis;

Article 25. The Coordinating Council shall be composed of:
- heads of the nongovernmental associations that are the members of the International Union of Lawyers;
- members of the Coordinating Council elected by the Congress.

The Coordinating Council shall have the right to co-opt into its composition members from the number of the representatives on the legal community instead of discharged ones with the subsequent adoption at the Congress of the International Union of Lawyers.

The Coordinating Council shall be elected by the Congress of the International Union of Lawyers for five years. The Congress shall have direct authority over the Coordinating Council.

Article 26. The Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers shall:
1. administrate the activities of the International Union of Lawyers as a standing governing organ during the recess of the Congresses;
2. be authorized by the International Union of Lawyers to exercise its powers as a legal entity;
3. decide on ways of translating into reality decisions of the Congresses of the International Union of Lawyers;
4. elect from its composition the First Deputy and Deputy Chairmen upon recommendation of the Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers;
5. establish affiliates and representations of the International Union of Lawyers according to correspondent regulations, approve provisions of them and coordinate their activities, establish economic organizations;
6. approve annual budgets of the International Union of Lawyers, work schedule of main events, complex program and other ones;
7. be engaged in the admission of new members to the International Union of Lawyers;
8. approve the composition of the Executive Committee of the Coordinating Council upon recommendation by the Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers;
9. hear reports on the activities of the Executive Committee of the Coordinating Council;
10. possess funds and property of the International Union of Lawyers;
11. decide upon any subject relating to its duty under the present Charter.

Article 27. The Coordinating Council shall meet in regular annual session and may also meet in special sessions if required. The Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers shall convene all sessions.

The session of the Coordinating Council may be held with a one-thirds present of its members.

Decisions of the Coordinating Council shall be passed by a majority vote of the members present at the session of the Coordinating Council.

Nongovernmental associations - members of the International Union of Lawyers shall have the right to authorize the proxy to act for the heads of these organizations and in their name and stead at the sessions.

Article 28. The Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers shall be the head of the Executive Committee, which shall be composed of the First Deputy Chairman and Deputy Chairmen of the International Union of Lawyers, Chairmen of the Commissions of the Union, Heads of structural divisions of the Secretariat of the Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers.

The Coordinating Council shall approve the composition of the Executive Committee upon recommendation by the Chairman of the International Union of Lawyers.

The Coordinating Council shall have direct authority over the Executive Committee.

Article 29. The Executive Committee shall:
1. ensure fulfillment of decisions of the Congresses, the Coordinating Council and the Auditing Commission of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. establish commissions of the International Union of Lawyers and working groups engaged in the fulfillment of its purposes, approve their heads;
3. exercise control over current work of the International Union of Lawyers, activities of the commissions and established working groups within its competence as prescribed by the Charter;
4. draft annual budgets for submission to the Coordinating Council of the International Union of Lawyers and ensure their implementation;
5. draft plans for submission to the Coordinating Council and give effect to their accomplishment;
6. draw up estimates of the expenditure of funds required for organizational, creative and other events of the International Union of Lawyers;
7. make decisions on rewarding and benefits of the International Union of Lawyers;
8. be engaged in the admission of new members to the International Union of Lawyers with subsequent adoption of the Coordinating Council;
9. offer proposals to the organs of public authority and administration connecting with the activities of the International Union of Lawyers;
10. decide upon any subject relating to its duties under the present Charter.

Article 30. The Congress of the International Union of Lawyers shall elect the Auditing Commission for 5 years.

The Auditing Commission shall:
1. exercise control over the observance of the Charter, implementation of decisions of the coordinating Council as well as plans of main events of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. exercise control over financial and economic activities of the International Union of Lawyers, check the correctness of the budget expenditure of the International Union of Lawyers;
3. control the timeliness and the correctness of passing the documents in the organs of the International Union of Lawyers;
4. check the timeliness and the correctness of looking into matters, applications, complaints and letters submitted to the organs of the International Union of Lawyers;
5. hold revisions of financial and economic activities of the International Union of Lawyers once three years.

6. Property and funds of the International Union of Lawyers

Article 31. The sources of the International Union of Lawyers shall be:
1. admission and membership fees of the members of the International Union of Lawyers;
2. receipts from the arrangements held stipulated by the Charter;
3. deductions from the profit of economic organizations established by the International Union of Lawyers;
4. other contributions from citizens and organizations;
5. revenues from the publishing activity;
6. other deductions and revenues, property and real estate received by the International Union of Lawyers in accordance with established procedure.

Article 32. Under the legislation, the International Union of Lawyers may hold in its possession plots of land, buildings, constructions, premises, equipment, inventory, property for providing cultural, sports and fitness activity, fixed assets, monetary funds, shares, securities and others to ensure the performance of its activities stipulated by the present Charter. In addition it may be the owner of institutions and offices, publishing houses and mass media.

Article 33. The International Union of Lawyers shall be the owner of the property and funds in the whole. Members of the International Union of Lawyers shall be the owners of possessed property. Each separate member shall not lay claim to the assets of the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 34. The International Union of Lawyers shall be liable with its own property which shall be subject to claims pursuant to the prevailing law.

The State, its agencies and organizations shall not be liable for the International Union of Lawyers' obligations otherwise the International Union of Lawyers shall not be liable for obligations of the State and its agencies and organizations.

The Members of the International Union of Lawyers shall have subsidiary responsibility under obligations of the International Union of Lawyers in the cases and procedure prescribed by the prevailing legislation.

7. Concluding Provisions

Article 35. The International Union of Lawyers shall have its emblem and other logotypes.

The nongovernmental associations - member - organizations of the International Union of Lawyers shall have the right to use its emblem and other logotypes.

Article 36. The International Union of Lawyers shall be the legal entity under the legislation of the Russian Federation; it shall have its own seal and stamp with the picture of its emblem and name.

Article 37. The working language of the International Union of Lawyers shall be Russian.

Article 38. The principle office of the International Union of Lawyers, its Coordinating Council and the Executive Committee shall be at the city of Moscow, in the Russian Federation.

Article 39. All amendments and addenda to the present Charter of the International Union of Lawyers shall be approved by the Congress of the International Union of Lawyers in the manner set forth in Article 21 of the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers and shall be nationally chartered under the prescribed procedure.

8. Reorganization and liquidation of
the International Union of Lawyers

Article 40. The reorganization of the International Union of Lawyers shall be made upon the decision of the Congress in such manner and form as described in Article 21 of the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers.

Article 41. The liquidation of the International Union of Lawyers shall be made upon the decision of the Congress in such manner and form as described in Article 21 of the Charter of the International Union of Lawyers or upon decision of court under the legislation.

Article 42. The reorganization and the liquidation of the International Union of Lawyers shall be made as prescribed in the civil legislation.

Article 43. The monetary funds and the property remaining after imposing claims of the creditors against the International Union of Lawyers shall be used pursuant to the Congress's decision under the present Charter.

Article 44. On the liquidation of the International Union of Lawyers all staff papers shall be transferred to the public archives to be kept as prescribed by the laws.

"The International Union of Lawyers"
20/2, Bersenevskaya nab., Moscow, 119072, Russia
tel: (495) 959-06-21  fax: (495) 959-30-58
e-mail: info@unionlawyers.ru

russian version